martes, 19 de enero de 2016
Animoto is a site where you can create videos. This is an idea to make Part 2 of the FCE exam preparation more dynamic. You can stop the video to talk about one of the pictures.
miércoles, 7 de enero de 2015
II JORNADAS INTERNACIONALES “PROBLEMÁTICAS EN TORNO A LA ENSEÑANZA EN LA EDUCACIÓN SUPERIOR. DIÁLOGO ABIERTO ENTRE LA DIDÁCTICA GENERAL Y LAS DIDÁCTICAS ESPECIFICAS
domingo, 25 de agosto de 2013
At a time when student-centredness has become common-place in progressive language teaching discourses, isn’t it about time we acknowledge and provide for the teacher-centredness of professional development? In this presentation on how teachers learn to teach, Willy Cardoso will argue that, in general, teacher education, development and training programmes lack the theoretical foundations of what constitutes teacher learning, mainly in its cognitive and affective elements; and that this has far reaching implications. For example, by focusing primarily on the transmission of classroom management and language analysis skills, we run the risk of shaping the ELT profession as that of technicians. Henceforth for the benefit of our profession we seriously need to consider language teachers first and foremost as educators. To do so, the presenter will propose some principles and practices that can place the socio- cultural aspects of learning how to teach at the core of this matter. By taking a socio- cultural approach to teacher education we are reminded that everyone has ideas about what teaching should be like, with many implicit values and beliefs about it. Such ideas, longside theories that show how cognitive development is mediated by social activity, give us the understanding that our knowledge of teaching has been co-constructed in cultural and historical ways. One of the most powerful developmental tools for teachers is the ability to uncover what underpins their classroom practices and even the meta-language used to describe what they do. Therefore, it is essential that we open more educational spaces for teachers to become learners. - See more at: http://englishagenda.britishcouncil.org/seminars/socio-cultural-approach-teacher-development-and-education#sthash.gwvgHj79.dpuf http://englishagenda.britishcouncil.org/
sábado, 19 de enero de 2013
Created 26 May 2010 - 13:25
Drama with children 1
Submitted by jobertrand on 26 May, 2010 - 13:25
For young children and adults alike it can be intimidating to speak a foreign language in front of other people. Even five-year-olds can be scared of making mistakes and looking silly or it may just be that they are shy and don’t want to talk in class. One way of reaching these children is through drama. By giving roles to your pupils they can ‘hide’ behind the character and lose some of their inhibitions. Before actually performing though there are several processes you can go through with the children to create a theatrical environment.
Here are a few suggestions on using a range of drama related activities and creating supporting tools like masks and theatres that will help you play with the language with your pupils and have lots of fun at the same time.
- To put the learners at ease.
- To focus their attention on the lesson.
- To personalise the language that they use when acting out a scene
- Introducing craft-making instructions
- 5 upwards
Warm up activities
The importance of warm up activities should never be overlooked. It’s difficult for anyone regardless of their age to arrive and suddenly launch into drama, especially if it’s in a foreign language. Try some of these activities to relax the children and to help them to focus. You will notice that they are mostly non-verbal activities to provide a non-threatening environment for the younger children. For slightly older children you can add English words where appropriate.
- For very young learners you can simply smile and ask them to copy you. Then show them a sad face and again ask them to copy you. Pretend to laugh, cry, sing, hide your face and each time ask them to copy you. This is a quick and effective way to focus the children on the lesson, get them calm and introduce them to pretending to be different people.
- For slightly older children take any sort of object like a ball, book, paper clip or pen and pretend it’s something else. So pretend to brush your hair with the book and then pass it on and ask the next person to pretend it’s something else and so on. If the class know the word in English they can guess what the object is meant to be.
- Put the class into three groups and stand them in lines or in pairs if it’s more practical for your classroom. If they’re in groups then you can play a team Chinese Whispers except that instead of whispering they draw a letter or number onto the back of the person standing in front of them who in turn tries to draw the same number or letter on the back of the person in front of them and so on. If they’re in pairs then they draw a letter or number onto their partner’s back who has to guess what it was and tell their partner. Then they swap. The idea of this sort of activity is that the children are using their bodies as well as their minds.
Making puppets and theatres
Once your class has their own box theatre you can use it with them all the time to act out new language at the end of the lesson or to introduce new language at the start.
- Take a shoe box and remove the lid. The lid can be used underneath to stabilize the theatre if need be. Cut out the bottom side of the box leaving a few centimetres around the edges. Then cut out both ends of the box (the shorter ends) again leaving a few centimetres around the edge. These ends will act as the wings from which the characters will make their entrances.
- The children can decorate the box theatre themselves with card, paper, pens, glitter… Due to the size of the box it’s easier if each child decorates a separate piece of card to then be stuck onto the box.
- Out of the back of the box going away from the audience you should stick two long sticks or straws coming out horizontally.
- For the scene changes in groups they can design back drops that can be attached to a long stick which in turn can be placed onto the protruding sticks coming out of the back of the box theatre.
- For the stick puppets use anything thin and long which is child friendly so no sharp points. Straws are good but you might need to stick a couple together. They can draw, cut out and stick onto the sticks their own puppets. Otherwise you can find what you’re looking for on clipart. http://classroomclipart.com/
- Other puppets you can make include using toilet rolls, socks, paper.
You don’t need to make elaborate costumes for children to feel like a different character. A symbolic paper crown can make someone a king, or a magic wand made out of card can transform someone into a witch. Concentrate on keeping it simple as the objective is to eventually perform a scene, practise some English, learn English instructions, arouse interest in drama and English alike, but not to spend three weeks making a spectacular Elizabethan costume.
- Paper plates are great for making masks. For the really young learners you may need to help them with cutting out circles for eyes. For the rest of the face they can decorate with pens or sticking on card. Pre-prepare lengths of string or elastic with knots at one end. Tie a knot on the other end once the child has finished the mask. Then staple both ends of the string to the paper plate. An alternative is sticking a piece of thick card (15x3 cm) onto the plate for the child to hold so the mask looks like a large lollipop.
Two key points to think about: keep the stories short and simple and allow the children the possibility to use their imagination. These activities can be adapted for the younger learners by keeping the story reproduction an oral activity with the use of picture flashcards to prompt ideas and words they have at their disposal.
- If you have limited resources then you can use a traditional story that you know well. Tell it to the class in your own words first. You should practise saying it out-loud before the lesson and can write down a basic script so that each time you tell it stays the same.
- Split your class into small groups and allocate a scene to each group. They can then re-tell the scene from what they remember. Any changes they make will only make the story richer!
- An alternative is that each group re-tells the whole story making two changes. They then practise saying their script and then tell it to the class who has to find the two changes that have been made.
- Give them a pre-prepared script. In their groups they have to change the end of the story.
The homework you give will depend on the type of story, play, scene or poem you are acting out with the children. General ideas include drawing a picture of your favourite character or scene for the younger learners. For the older children they could write letters from one character to another about what happens in the story or write a continuation of the story.
This site has instructions on how to make puppets
http://ri.essortment.com/howtomakepupp_rxzy.htmThis site has instructions on making masks
By Jo Bertrand
domingo, 6 de enero de 2013
Managing a large group of students for the paired speaking paper of the Cambridge English First Certificate
Managing a large group of students for the paired speaking paper of the Cambridge English First Certificate for Schools demands for the teacher to be an excellent organizer as well a good manager of group dynamics and presentation techniques. These skills should be put at the service of raising students’ awareness of the requirements of the test, improving their accuracy, fostering their fluency, and giving every one of them the chance to practise. In order to achieve this, I divide the work into sequenced phases, each of which leads to building their speaking competence.
The first phase aims at making students aware of the dynamics of the speaking paper. In order to let them discover the communicative strategies that have to be used in each one of its parts, I consider that L1 is an invaluable tool: without the constraints of using the second language, it is easier to grasp what is expected from them when they are asked, for instance, to compare, disagree or take turns. In order to put this into practice in the target language, the teacher then makes students analyze recorded interactions provided by the textbook.
The second phase involves going deeper into the focus of evaluation in each part of the paper. Here the teacher makes students analyze the descriptors of each band for the assessment criteria used in the Speaking Test by ESOL examiners. This helps future candidates gain further insights into the requirements of the test. Then they listen to the recorded material again and evaluate the speakers’ performance using the criteria previously analyzed.
Now students are ready to come into the third phase, in which everyone in the group has the chance to speak. The class is divided into groups of four students, and they take turns to play the roles of candidates and examiners. While one member of latter pair will be the interlocutor, the other one will play the role of assessor, so he is expected to take down comments and control timing. As for the candidates, they interact with each other and with the examiner – depending on the part of the test – in order to perform the task.
The final phase aims at improving the students’ accuracy and communicative strategies. Here the examiners report on their peers’ performance; the teacher, who will have moved around the groups while they were working, will also make their own contribution. The discussion will be used as input to improve accuracy and interactive skills.
As I said before, to prepare students for the oral paper of an international examination in a large class is a daunting challenge for EFL teachers. It is imperative to be knowledgeable, creative and organized at the same time. But if it is carefully planned and well implemented, it is a highly rewarding experience.